MAKRO I MIKROEKONOMIA MARCINIAK PDF

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Makro i mikroekonomia Podstawowe problemy by Stefan (red.) Marciniak, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Ekonomia i S ́rodowisko, Białystok, p Marciniak S (ed) () Makro- i mikroekonomia. Podstawowe problemy. PWN, Warszawa Marciniak M () Rozw. In S. Marciniak (Ed.), Makro- i mikroekonomia. Podstawowe problemy współczesności [Macro-and microeconomics. Basic problems of the contemporary world].

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For the last few years regional policy has been playing an increasingly important role in the process of development of both the policy of individual nations and of the whole European Union.

A creation of regional innovation systems seems to be indispensable in order to enable development of countries. The innovation level of the European states depends on many factors. Compared to these fields there is still a gap connected not only with the difference in the wealth of individual societies, but also with actions aimed at the activation of the scientific and enterprise sectors, and this is the topic of o paper.

Modern economy increasingly resorts to regional policy in order to manage the national economy. West European countries have been applying that type of management in view of the considerable importance of regional policy. The main advantages are as follows: Inhabitants of regions are supported by regional authorities in their efforts for regional development, such as agriculture, food processing and tourism. In effect of their involvement in developing the region, the inhabitants see effects of their efforts directly and in a short time.

In this connection, the number of various analysis has been growing with the aim to assess functioning of regions in economic terms.

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Makro i mikroekonomia Podstawowe problemy

Authors of many papers stress its stimulating role in economic growth resulting from developing a modern technology economy. Geopolitical and administrative situation is one of determinants in regional development. Walloon, Brussels and Flanders. The role of regional policy is to promote development on the basis of factors generating economic growth. Those factors more frequently embrace finances and the human factor.

In a modern approach to economy, also a major role of technological progress is indicated in view of constant development of technology. There are obvious advantages for economic entities of technological progress based on constant evolution of technical, technological and organisational solutions and applications. The advantages also refer to the regions in their respective territories. Technical or technological progress is closely related to effective management.

Makro i mikroekonomia dla inżynierów – Google Books

Each expansion of a technological process results in changes in effects. Thus science creates technological progress through innovation and that determines economic development. Economical growth in regions. Socio-economic development is defined as a process of extended reproduction in a national economy, that is changes in production capacity, production and consumption, social relations, natural environment and system of functioning of the economy and the society.

However, the notion of development covers a broad sphere of various processes. Therefore, there are problems in a precise definition and measurement of the notion. In economy, economic growth is indicated as a fundamental factor affecting socio – economic development.

Makro- i mikroekonomia: podstawowe problemy – Google Books

Economic growth in a simplified sense occurs when mikroeklnomia gross national or domestic product in year t n is larger than in year t 1 with he time period being within the range t However, as of today there are no other that would be free from the inaccuracies. The basic measure of economic maeciniak used is gross domestic product, most often per capita for the same of comparison. It is easy to se the differences are substantial.

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Out of Germany, the highest intensity ratio of 4. Comparing to the weakest regions in all the countries, the lower ratio is only in Notio Aigaio. However, this information is available only on the basis of NUTS 1.

The intensity is characterised with largest disproportion in Finland, ranging from 3. Total number of regions.

Brunswick again was the best with Molise, Italy being the weakest EU region in this respect with 0. The above-mentioned data indicate clear possible and positive, from the point of view of regional development, directions of desirable actions of the mikrlekonomia authorities.

Podstawowe problemyPWN, Warszawa Karola Adamieckiego w Katowicach, Katowice Introduction Modern economy increasingly resorts to regional policy in order to manage the national economy. Economical growth in regions Socio-economic development is defined as a process of extended reproduction in a national economy, that is changes in production capacity, production and consumption, social relations, natural environment and system of functioning of the economy and the society.

Summary The above-mentioned data indicate clear possible and positive, from the point of view of regional development, directions of desirable actions of the regional authorities.